2 fill or place a load on; "load a car"; "load the truck with hay" [syn: load, laden, load up] [also: laden]laden adj
1 filled with a great quantity; "a tray loaded with dishes"; "table laden with food"; "`ladened' is not current usage" [syn: loaded, ladened]
2 burdened psychologically or mentally; "laden with grief"; "oppressed by a sense of failure" [syn: oppressed]
2 fill or place a load on; "load a car"; "load the truck with hay" [syn: load, lade, load up]laden See lade
- Rhymes: -eɪdən
- weighed down with a load, burdened.
- His comments were laden with deeper meaning.
- : in the form of an adsorbate or adduct
- Once laden it is easy to regenerate the adsorbent and retrieve the adsorbed species as a gas.
weighed down with a load, burdened
- Norwegian: nedlastet
- past participle of lade.
Osama bin Muhammad bin 'Awad bin Laden (; born 10 March 1957), most often mentioned as Osama bin Laden or Usama bin Laden, is an Islamic militant, and believed to be the founder of the Jihadist organization Al-Qaeda. He is a member of the prestigious and wealthy bin Laden family. In conjunction with several other Islamic militant leaders, bin Laden issued two fatawa—in 1996 and then again in 1998—that Muslims should kill civilians and military personnel from the United States and allied countries until they withdraw their military forces from Muslim countries and cease their support for the state of Israel's policies.
He has been indicted in United States federal court for his alleged involvement in the 1998 U.S. embassy bombings in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania and Nairobi, Kenya, and is on the US Federal Bureau of Investigation's Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list.
Although bin Laden has not been indicted for the September 11, 2001 attacks, he has claimed responsibility for them in videos released to the public. The attacks involved the hijacking of United Airlines Flight 93, United Airlines Flight 175, American Airlines Flight 11, American Airlines Flight 77, and the subsequent destruction of the World Trade Center in New York City, New York, and severe damage to The Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia, along with the deaths of 2,974 victims.
Usage variations of bin Laden's nameBecause there is no universally accepted standard in the West for transliterating Arabic words and names into English, bin Laden's name is transliterated in many ways. The version often used by most English-language mass media is Osama bin Laden. Most American government agencies, including the FBI and CIA, use either Usama bin Laden or Usama bin Ladin, both of which are often abbreviated to UBL. Less common renderings include Ussamah Bin Ladin and Oussama Ben Laden (French-language mass media). The latter part of the name can also be found as Binladen or Binladin.
Strictly speaking, Arabic linguistic conventions dictate that he be referred to as "Osama" or "Osama bin Laden", not "bin Laden," as "Bin Laden" is not used as a surname in the Western manner, but simply as part of his name, which in its entirety means "Osama, son of Mohammed, son of 'Awad, son of Laden". However, the bin Laden family (or "Binladin", as they prefer to be known) do generally use the name as a surname in the Western style. Consequently "bin Laden" has become nearly universal in Western references to him, Arabic convention notwithstanding.
Bin Laden also has several commonly used aliases and nicknames, including the Prince, the Sheikh, Al-Amir, Abu Abdallah, Sheikh Al-Mujahid, the Lion Sheik, the Director, Imam Mehdi and Samaritan.
Childhood, education and personal lifesee also Bin Laden family Osama bin Laden was born in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. In a 1998 interview, he gave his birth date as 10 March 1957. His father Muhammed Awad bin Laden was a wealthy businessman with close ties to the Saudi royal family. Osama bin Laden was born the only son of Muhammed bin Laden's tenth wife, Hamida al-Attas. Osama's parents divorced soon after he was born, according to Khaled M. Batarfi. Osama's mother then married Muhammad al-Attas. The couple had four children, and Osama lived in the new household with three stepbrothers and one stepsister.
Bin Laden was raised as a devout Sunni Muslim. From 1968 to 1976 he attended the "élite" secular Al-Thager Model School. Bin Laden studied economics and business administration at King Abdulaziz University. Some reports suggest bin Laden earned a degree in civil engineering in 1979, or a degree in public administration in 1981. Other sources describe him as having left university during his third year, never completing a college degree, though "hard working." At university, bin Laden's main interest was religion, where he was involved in both "interpreting the Quran and jihad" and charitable work.
In 1974, at the age of seventeen, bin Laden married his first wife Najwa Ghanem at Latakia. Bin Laden is reported to have married four other women and divorced two, Ali bin Laden and Abdullah. Bin Laden has fathered anywhere from 12 to 24 children.
Beliefs and ideologyBin Laden believes that the restoration of Sharia law will set things right in the Muslim world, and that all other ideologies—"pan-Arabism, socialism, communism, democracy"—must be opposed. He believes Afghanistan under the rule of Mullah Omar's Taliban was "the only Islamic country" in the Muslim world. He has consistently dwelt on the need for jihad to right what he believes are injustices against Muslims perpetrated by the United States and sometimes by other non-Muslim states, the need to eliminate the state of Israel, and the necessity of forcing the US to withdraw from the Middle East. He has also called on Americans to "reject the immoral acts of fornication (and) homosexuality, intoxicants, gambling, and usury," in an October 2002 letter.
Probably the most controversial part of Bin Laden's ideology is that civilians, including women and children, can be killed in jihad. Bin Laden is anti-Jewish, and has delivered warnings against alleged Jewish conspiracies: "These Jews are masters of usury and leaders in treachery. They will leave you nothing, either in this world or the next." Shia have been listed along with "Heretics, ... America and Israel," as the four principal "enemies of Islam" at ideology classes of Bin Laden's Al-Qaeda organization.
As a Wahhabi, bin Laden opposes music on religious grounds, and his attitude towards technology is mixed. He is interested in "earth-moving machinery and genetic engineering of plants", on the one hand, but rejects "chilled water" on the other.
Mujahideen in AfghanistanAfter leaving college in 1979 bin Laden joined Abdullah Azzam to fight the Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan and lived for a time in Peshawar. By 1984, with Azzam, bin Laden established Maktab al-Khadamat, which funneled money, arms and Muslim fighters from around the Arabic world into the Afghan war. Through al-Khadamat, bin Laden's inherited family fortune paid for air tickets and accommodation, dealt with paperwork with Pakistani authorities and provided other such services for the jihad fighters. During this time Bin Laden met his future al-Qaeda collaborator Ayman al-Zawahiri, who encouraged Osama to split away from Abdullah Azzam. Osama established a camp in Afghanistan, and with other volunteers fought the Soviets.
Formation and structuring of Al-QaedaBy 1988, bin Laden had split from Maktab al-Khidamat; while Azzam acted as support for Afghan fighters, Laden wanted a more military role. One of the main leading points to the split and the creation of al-Qaeda was the insistence of Azzam that Arab fighters be integrated among the Afghan fighting groups instead of forming their separate fighting force. Bin Laden returned to Saudi Arabia in 1990 as a hero of jihad, who along with his Arab legion, "had brought down the mighty superpower" of the Soviet Union. However, during this time Iraq invaded Kuwait and Laden met the Sultan, and told him not to depend on non-Muslim troops and offered to help defend Saudi Arabia. Bin Laden was rebuffed and publicly denounced Saudi Arabia's dependence on the US military. Bin Laden's criticism of the Saudi monarchy led that government to attempt to silence him.
Bin Laden moved to Sudan in 1992 and established a new base for Mujahideen operations in Khartoum. Due to bin Laden's continuous verbal assault on Saudi King Fahd, on 5 March 1994 Fahd sent an emissary to Sudan demanding bin Laden's passport. His family was persuaded to cut off his monthly stipend, the equivalent of $7 million a year. By now bin Laden was strongly associated with Egyptian Islamic Jihad (EIJ), which made up the core of al-Qaeda. In 1995 the EIJ attempted to assassinate Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak. The attempt failed and the EIJ was expelled from Sudan.
In May 1996, under increasing pressure from Saudi Arabia, Egypt and the United States on Sudan, bin Laden returned to Afghanistan and forged a close relationship with Mullah Mohammed Omar. In Afghanistan, bin Laden and al-Qaeda raised money from "donors from the days of the Soviet jihad", and from Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI).
Early attacks and aid for attacksIn the 1990s bin Laden's al-Qaeda assisted jihadis financially and sometimes militarily in Algeria, Egypt and Afghanistan. In 1992 or 1993 bin Laden sent an emissary, Qari el-Said, with $40,000 to Algeria to aid the Islamists and urge war rather than negotiation with the government. Their advice was heeded but the war that followed killed 150,000-200,000 Algerians and ended with Islamist surrender to the government. Another unsuccessful effort by bin Laden was funding of the Luxor massacre of November 17 1997, which killed sixty two civilians, but revolted the Egyptian public and turned it against Islamist terror. A later effort that did succeed was an attack on the city of Mazar-e-Sharif in Afghanistan. Bin Laden helped cement his alliance with his hosts the Taliban by sending several hundred of his Afghan Arab fighters along to help the Taliban kill between five and six thousand people overrunning the city.
It is believed that the first bombing attack involving bin Laden was the 29 December 1992 bombing of the Gold Mihor Hotel in Aden in which two people were killed.
It was after this bombing that al-Qaeda was reported to have developed its justification for the killing of innocent people. According to a fatwa issued by Mamdouh Mahmud Salim, the killing of someone standing near the enemy is justified because any innocent bystander will find their proper reward in death, going to Paradise if they were good Muslims and to hell if they were bad or non-believers. The fatwa was issued to al-Qaeda members but not the general public.
In 1998, Osama bin Laden and Ayman al-Zawahiri co-signed a fatwa in the name of the World Islamic Front for Jihad Against Jews and Crusaders which declared the killing of the North Americans and their allies an "individual duty for every Muslim" to "liberate the al-Aqsa Mosque (in Jerusalem) and the holy mosque (in Mecca) from their grip". At the public announcement of the fatwa bin Laden announced that North Americans are "very easy targets." He told the attending journalists, "You will see the results of this in a very short time."
In response to the 1998 United States embassy bombings following the fatwa, Bill Clinton ordered a freeze on assets that could be linked to bin Laden and signed an executive order authorizing Laden's arrest or assassination.
September 11, 2001 attacksThe Federal Bureau of Investigation has stated that evidence linking Al-Qaeda and bin Laden to the attacks of September 11 is clear and irrefutable. The Government of the United Kingdom reached the same conclusion regarding Al Qaeda and Osama bin Laden's culpability for the September 11, 2001, attacks. Bin Laden initially denied involvement in the September 11, 2001 attacks. On 16 September 2001, bin Laden read a statement later broadcast by Qatar's Al Jazeera satellite channel denying responsibility for the attack.
In a videotape recovered by US forces in November 2001 in Jalalabad, bin Laden was seen discussing the attack with Khaled al-Harbi in a way indicating foreknowledge. The tape was broadcast on various news networks on 13 December 2001. Some have disputed this translation however. Arabist Dr. Abdel El M. Husseini stated: "This translation is very problematic. At the most important places where it is held to prove the guilt of bin Laden, it is not identical with the Arabic."
In the 2004 Osama bin Laden video, bin Laden abandoned his denials without retracting past statements. In it he stated he had personally directed the 19 hijackers. In the 18-minute tape, played on Al-Jazeera, four days before the American presidential election, bin Laden accused U.S. President George W. Bush of negligence on the hijacking of the planes on September 11.
In two other tapes aired by Al Jazeera in 2006, Osama bin Laden announces, I am the one in charge of the 19 brothers … I was responsible for entrusting the 19 brothers … with the raids [5 minute audiotape broadcast May 23, 2006], and is seen with Ramzi Binalshibh, as well as two of the 9/11 hijackers, Hamza al-Ghamdi and Wail al-Shehri, as they make preparations for the attacks (videotape broadcast September 7, 2006).
Despite this, bin Laden is reported to have complained as recently as November 2007 of the lack "of evidence admissible in court" tying him and his organization to the 9/11 attack.
Declarations since September 11, 2001Since September 11, 2001 messages from Bin Laden are published regularly via Arabic media.
In a message from Reuters, on March 19, 2008, Bin Laden is cited to have threatened the European Union "with grave punishment for publication of cartoons mocking Islam's Prophet Mohammad. "Your publications of these drawings -- part of a new crusade in which the Pope of the Vatican had a significant role" addressing "those who are wise at the European Union". The translation of this declaration suggests that Bin Laden regards "the wise" as having initiated the publications. On March 20, also according to Reuters, "The Pope has urged his priests to be fearless after Osama bin Laden accused him of starting a "new crusade" against Islam."
In the videotape from March 20 2008 broadcasted by Al-Jazeera the voice identified as Osama bin Laden declares "Iraq is the perfect base to set up the jihad to liberate Palestine.".
Criminal charges and attempted extradition
The 9/11 Commission Report concludes, "In February 1996, Sudanese officials began approaching officials from the United States and other governments, asking what actions of theirs might ease foreign pressure. In secret meetings with Saudi officials, Sudan offered to expel bin Ladin to Saudi Arabia and asked the Saudis to pardon him. US officials became aware of these secret discussions, certainly by March. Saudi officials apparently wanted bin Ladin expelled from Sudan. They had already revoked his citizenship, however, and would not tolerate his presence in their country. Also bin Ladin may have no longer felt safe in Sudan, where he had already escaped at least one assassination attempt that he believed to have been the work of the Egyptian or Saudi regimes, or both. On 19 May 1996, bin Ladin left Sudan—significantly weakened, despite his ambitions and organizational skills. He returned to Afghanistan." The 9/11 Commission Report further states "In late 1995, when Bin Ladin was still in Sudan, the State Department and the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) learned that Sudanese officials were discussing with the Saudi government the possibility of expelling Bin Ladin. US Ambassador Timothy Carney encouraged the Sudanese to pursue this course. The Saudis, however, did not want Bin Ladin, giving as their reason their revocation of his citizenship. Sudan’s minister of defense, Fatih Erwa, has claimed that Sudan offered to hand Bin Ladin over to the United States. The Commission has found no credible evidence that this was so. Ambassador Carney had instructions only to push the Sudanese to expel Bin Ladin. Ambassador Carney had no legal basis to ask for more from the Sudanese since, at the time, there was no indictment outstanding."
On 8 June 1998, a United States grand jury indicted Osama bin Laden on charges of killing five Americans and two Indians in the 13 November 1995, truck bombing of a US-operated Saudi National Guard training center in Riyadh. Bin Laden was charged with "conspiracy to attack defense utilities of the United States" and prosecutors further charged that bin Laden is the head of the "terrorist" organization called al Qaeda, and that he was a major financial backer of Islamic fighters worldwide. for his alleged role in the 1998 United States embassy bombings in Kenya and Tanzania.
The evidence against bin Laden included courtroom testimony by former Al Qaeda members and satellite phone records.
On 7 June 1999, bin Laden became the 456th person listed on the US Federal Bureau of Investigation's Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list, following his indictment along with others for capital crimes in the 1998 embassy attacks.
Attempts at assassination and requests for the extradition of bin Laden from the Taliban of Afghanistan were met with failure prior to the bombing of Afghanistan in October 2001. In 1999, US President Bill Clinton convinced the United Nations to impose sanctions against Afghanistan in an attempt to force the Taliban to extradite him.
Years later, on 10 October 2001, bin Laden appeared as well on the initial list of the FBI's top 22 Most Wanted Terrorists, which was released to the public by the President of the United States George W. Bush, in direct response to the attacks of 9/11, but which was again based on the indictment for the 1998 embassy attack. Bin Laden was among a group of thirteen fugitive terrorists wanted on that latter list for questioning about the 1998 embassy bombings. Bin Laden remains the only fugitive ever to be listed on both FBI fugitive lists.
After the bombing of Afghanistan began in October 2001, the Taliban did offer to turn over Osama bin Laden to a third party country in return for the US ending the bombing along with evidence that Osama bin Laden was involved in the 9/11 attacks. This offer was rejected by George W Bush stating that this was no longer negotiable with Bush responding that "There's no need to discuss innocence or guilt. We know he's guilty."
Attempted capture by the United StatesAccording to the Washington Post, the US government concluded that Osama bin Laden was present during the Battle of Tora Bora, Afghanistan in late 2001, and according to civilian and military officials with first-hand knowledge, failure by the US to commit US ground troops to hunt him led to his escape and was the gravest failure by the US in the war against al Qaeda. Intelligence officials have assembled what they believe to be decisive evidence, from contemporary and subsequent interrogations and intercepted communications, that bin Laden began the battle of Tora Bora inside the cave complex along Afghanistan's mountainous eastern border.
The Washington Post also reported that the CIA unit dedicated to capturing Osama was shut down in late 2005.
US and Afghanistan forces raided the mountain caves in Tora Bora between 14 August and 16 August 2007. The military was drawn to the area after receiving intelligence of a pre-Ramadan meeting held by al Qaeda members. After killing dozens of al Qaeda and Taliban members, they did not find either Osama bin Laden or Ayman al Zawahiri.
Bounty: Immediately after the 9/11 attacks, US government officials named bin Laden and the Al-Qaeda organization as the prime suspects and offered a reward of $25 million for information leading to his capture or death.
The Airline Pilots Association and the Air Transport Association are offering an additional $2 million reward.
Current whereaboutsClaims as to the location of Osama bin Laden have been made since December 2001, although none have been definitively proven and some have placed Osama in different locations during overlapping time periods.
A 11 December 2005, letter from Atiyah Abd al-Rahman to Abu Musab al-Zarqawi indicates that bin Laden and the al-Qaeda leadership were based in the Waziristan region of Pakistan at the time. In the letter, translated by the United States military's Combating Terrorism Center at West Point, "Atiyah" instructs Zarqawi to "send messengers from your end to Waziristan so that they meet with the brothers of the leadership … I am now on a visit to them and I am writing you this letter as I am with them…" Al-Rahman also indicates that bin Laden and al-Qaeda are "weak" and "have many of their own problems." The letter has been deemed authentic by military and counterterrorism officials, according to the Washington Post.
In 2001, according to a spokesman for a company producing fingerprint scanners for San Francisco International Airport, the United States probably did not have Osama bin Laden's fingerprints on file.
Reports of his death
Reports alleging Osama bin Laden's death have circulated since late 2001. In the months following the 9/11 terrorist attack, many people believed that bin Laden was dead. This belief was perpetuated by subsequent media reports often referencing bin Laden's serious health problems, though there has been evidence to suggest that he is still alive as of March 3, 2008.
April 2005: The Sydney Morning Herald stated "Dr Clive Williams, director of terrorism studies at the Australian National University, says documents provided by an Indian colleague suggested bin Laden died of massive organ failure in April last year … 'It's hard to prove or disprove these things because there hasn't really been anything that allows you to make a judgment one way or the other', Dr. Williams said."
August 2006: On 23 September 2006, the French newspaper L'Est Républicain quoted a report from the French secret service (DGSE) stating that Osama bin Laden had died in Pakistan on 23 August 2006, after contracting a case of typhoid fever that paralyzed his lower limbs. According to the newspaper, Saudi security services first heard of bin Laden's alleged death on 4 September 2006. The alleged death was reported by the Saudi Arabian secret service to its government, which reported it to the French secret service. The French defense minister Michèle Alliot-Marie expressed her regret that the report had been published while French President Jacques Chirac declared that bin Laden's death had not been confirmed. American authorities also cannot confirm reports of bin Laden's death, with Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice saying only, "No comment, and no knowledge." Later, CNN's Nic Robertson said that he had received confirmation from an anonymous Saudi source that the Saudi intelligence community has known for a while that bin Laden has a water-borne illness, but that he had heard no reports that it was specifically typhoid or that he had died.
November 2007: In an interview with political interviewer David Frost, taken on November 2, 2007, the Pakistani politician, and Pakistan Peoples Party chairwoman, Benazir Bhutto, claimed that bin Laden had been murdered by Omar Sheikh. During her answer to a question pertaining to the identities of those who had previously attempted her own assassination, Bhutto named Sheikh as a possible suspect while referring to him as "the man who murdered Osama bin Laden." Despite the weight of such a statement, neither Bhutto nor Frost attempted to clarify it during the remainder of the interview. Omar Chatriwala, a journalist for Al Jazeera English, claims that he chose not to pursue the story at the time because he believes Bhutto misspoke, meaning to say Sheikh murdered Daniel Pearl and not Osama Bin Laden. The BBC drew criticism when it rebroadcast the Frost/Bhutto interview on its website, but edited out Bhutto's statement regarding Osama Bin Laden. Later the BBC apologized and replaced the edited version with the complete interview. Bhutto's statement regarding Bin Laden conflicts with an earlier statement in October 2007, where Bhutto stated in an interview that she would cooperate with the American military in targeting Osama bin Laden.
British asylum and football enthusiasmAccording to a 2005 story published in the The Times of London, in late 1995 Bin Laden "asked some of his followers in London" to see about the possibility of him being granted asylum in the United Kingdom. The al-Qaeda leader allegedly wanted to abandon his base in Sudan. The then Home Secretary Michael Howard is reported to have told a Times reporters, "we picked up information that bin Laden was very interested in coming to Britain. It was apparently a serious request." Members of the bin Laden family owned properties in London at that time.
According to another report that came out shortly after the 9/11 attack, bin Laden stayed in London in the late 1990s and became "a big fan of" Arsenal FC. In response to the reports, a club spokesman told a BBC Sport reporter, "clearly he wouldn't be welcome at Highbury in the future."
Biographical books of Bin Laden such as The Looming Tower by Lawrence Wright and The Osama Bin Laden I Know, An Oral History Of Al Qaeda's Leader by Peter Bergen, have found no evidence of Bin Laden ever traveling outside of the Muslim world.
CriticismAmong Salafist Muslims who have criticized bin Laden for adherence to Qutbism (the ideology of Sayyid Qutb), takfir and Khaarijite deviance, are said to include Muhammad Ibn Haadee al-Madkhalee, Abd-al-Aziz ibn Abd-Allah ibn Baaz, Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan and Muqbil bin Haadi al-Waadi'ee.
- Messages of Ayman al-Zawahiri
- Messages of Osama bin Laden
- Afghan Arabs
- Allegations of CIA assistance to Osama bin Laden
- Ayman al-Zawahiri
- Afghan Civil War
- Clearstream scandal (Bin Laden's Bahrain International Bank used this clearing house for its financial activities).
- Bin Laden Issue Station (The CIA's bin Laden tracking unit, 1996-2005)
- The Golden Chain
- Islamic fundamentalism
- Islamist terrorism
- Ladenese epistle
- Osama bin Laden as destructive Cult leader
- Osama bin Laden in popular culture
- Saleh Abdullah Kamel
- Peter L. Bergen, The Osama bin Laden I Know (New York: Free Press, 2006
- Michael Scheuer, Through Our Enemies' Eyes, Washington, D.C. : Brassey's, c2002
- Wright, Lawrence, The Looming Tower : Al-Qaeda And The Road To 9/11, New York : Knopf, 2006.
- "Main Columns of the Osame Bin Laden Ideology"
- "Listening to Bin Laden" by Said Shirazi, an analysis of his collected speeches.
- Osama Bin Laden Videos
- Up to date article about bin Laden Guardian Unlimited, 11 September 2006
- The Law of Legends: Osama bin Laden and Robin Hood
- Full-length video Sept 2007
- "Main Columns of the Usame Bin Laden Ideology", Journal of Turkish Weekly
- Al Qaeda's Evolution, March 2005
- Does Bin Laden still control Al Qaeda?, March 2006
- About.com's Is Osama bin Laden Dead?
- BBC News News about a new audio recording of Osama on the BBC UK website. Thursday, 19 January 2006
- CBC News video interview with Bruce Lawrence, editor of Messages to the World: The Statements of Osama bin Laden (2005, ISBN 1-84467-045-7) from CBC News: The Hour, 21 November 2005
- Fatwa from World Islamic Front for Jihad against Jews and Crusaders—Statement from bin Laden, 23 February 1998
- BBC: Transcript of Osama bin Laden video aired by al-Jazeera
- Deborah Amos "Interview: Osama Bin Laden: The World's Most Wanted Man" 30 January 2006, Council on Foreign Relations
- Osama bin Laden at the Internet Movie Database
- Al-Watan al-'Arabi report from 1998 translated by Foreign Broadcast Information Service
- Emerson, S. (2002), American Jihad: The Terrorists Living Among Us, Free Press; ISBN 0-7432-3324-7.
- Coll, Steve (2004), Ghost Wars: The Secret History of the CIA, Afghanistan, and Bin Laden, from the Soviet Invasion to 10 September 2001, Penguin Press; ISBN 1-59420-007-6
- Randal, Jonathan. Osama: The Making of a Terrorist. I.B. Tauris. ISBN 1-84511-117-6
- Guardian article about the difficulty of romanizing Arabic, i.e., Usama vs. Osama
- Robin Cook The struggle against terrorism cannot be won by military means The Guardian, 8 July 2005
- Licensed to Kill, Hired Guns in the War on Terror by Robert Young Pelton (Crown, 1 September 2006)
- Osama's Big Lie
laden in Afrikaans: Osama bin Laden
laden in Arabic: أسامة بن لادن
laden in Aragonese: Osama bin Laden
laden in Asturian: Osama bin Laden
laden in Bengali: ওসামা বিন লাদেন
laden in Bosnian: Osama bin Laden
laden in Bulgarian: Осама бин Ладен
laden in Catalan: Osama bin Laden
laden in Cebuano: Osama bin Laden
laden in Czech: Usáma bin Ládin
laden in Welsh: Osama bin Laden
laden in Danish: Osama bin Laden
laden in Pennsylvania German: Osama bin Laden
laden in German: Osama bin Laden
laden in Modern Greek (1453-): Οσάμα μπιν Λάντεν
laden in Spanish: Osama bin Laden
laden in Esperanto: Usama bin Laden
laden in Basque: Osama bin Laden
laden in Persian: اسامه بن لادن
laden in Faroese: Osama bin Laden
laden in French: Oussama Ben Laden
laden in Western Frisian: Osama bin Laden
laden in Irish: Osama bin Laden
laden in Galician: Osama bin Laden
laden in Korean: 오사마 빈 라덴
laden in Armenian: Ուսամա բեն Լադեն
laden in Hindi: ओसामा बिन लादेन
laden in Croatian: Osama bin Laden
laden in Ido: Osama bin Laden
laden in Indonesian: Usamah bin Ladin
laden in Icelandic: Osama bin Laden
laden in Italian: Osama bin Laden
laden in Hebrew: אוסאמה בן לאדן
laden in Javanese: Osama bin Laden
laden in Georgian: ოსამა ბინ ლადენი
laden in Kurdish: Usama bin Ladin
laden in Latin: Usama bin Ladin
laden in Latvian: Osama bin Ladens
laden in Luxembourgish: Osama Bin Laden
laden in Lithuanian: Osama bin Ladenas
laden in Limburgan: Usâmah bin Lâdin
laden in Hungarian: Oszama bin Laden
laden in Macedonian: Осама бин Ладен
laden in Malayalam: ഉസാമ ബിന് ലാദന്
laden in Marathi: ओसामा बिन लादेन
laden in Malay (macrolanguage): Osama bin Laden
laden in Dutch: Osama bin Laden
laden in Japanese: ウサーマ・ビン＝ラーディン
laden in Norwegian: Osama bin Laden
laden in Norwegian Nynorsk: Osama bin Laden
laden in Occitan (post 1500): Osama bin Laden
laden in Uzbek: Usoma bin Lodin
laden in Pushto: اسامه بن لادن
laden in Low German: Osama bin Laden
laden in Polish: Usama ibn Ladin
laden in Portuguese: Osama bin Laden
laden in Romanian: Osama bin Laden
laden in Russian: Усама бин Ладен
laden in Albanian: Bin Laden
laden in Sicilian: Osama bin Laden
laden in Simple English: Osama bin Laden
laden in Slovak: Usáma bin Ládin
laden in Slovenian: Osama bin Laden
laden in Serbian: Осама бин Ладен
laden in Serbo-Croatian: Osama bin Laden
laden in Finnish: Osama bin Laden
laden in Swedish: Usama bin Ladin
laden in Tagalog: Osama bin Laden
laden in Tamil: ஒசாமா பின் லாடன்
laden in Thai: อุซามะห์ บิน ลาดิน
laden in Vietnamese: Osama bin Laden
laden in Turkish: Usame bin Ladin
laden in Ukrainian: Осама бен Ладен
laden in Urdu: اسامہ
laden in Yiddish: אסאמא בין לאדען
laden in Contenese: 賓拉登
laden in Samogitian: Osama bin Ladens
laden in Chinese: 奥萨玛·本·拉登